Preventing further loss in the wake of high profile suicides
The CDC data show that since 1999, suicides have increased in the U.S. by more than 25 percent. In the Northeast matters are worse, with Maine up 27 percent, Massachusetts 35 percent, New Hampshire 48 percent, and Vermont nearly 49 percent. We're already treading on difficult ground that can be made all the more treacherous when the national media covers suicides of the rich and famous.
When high profile deaths by suicide occur, many of us are shocked and saddened. However, for those who may struggle with intrusive and unremitting thoughts of death by their own hand, these suicides can actually feel empowering. "If someone as famous and successful as `X' can follow through with this, then so can I," is how the logic flows. As a result, experts predict we're likely to see a contagion effect of increased attempts following celebrity deaths by suicide.
It is essential that we recognize the warning signs of suicide. Risk factors such as subtle changes of behavior in relationships (including on social media), changes in sleep, loss of interest in activities that were previously enjoyable, recent deaths of loved ones (especially if those deaths were by suicide), legal or financial challenges, should prompt us to ask direct questions.
Sometimes we need to make the assumption that, in the presence of multiple risk factors, a person we are concerned about is absolutely having these thoughts. Rather than asking the yes/no question of, "Are you thinking of suicide?" one might say, "Tell me about your thoughts of suicide." It's amazing how freeing that statement is for someone who is contemplating a decision that continues to be associated with such profound stigma. Validating that someone is having these thoughts, even if we're not sure they are, may provide her or him with a sense of relief, and create an opportunity to talk more freely.
When someone does talk about suicide, encourage the conversation. Most suicides occur when people don't talk. Encouraging discussion, listening, and supporting mental health or medical intervention actually helps protect people from suicide. Stay with that person and call a suicide prevention hotline — for example the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255; connect them to the local crisis team; or in cases where the person has the thoughts, means, and a plan to die by suicide, assist them to a hospital emergency department.
These actions help those experiencing suicidal thoughts to feel less isolated (and isolation is another risk factor). It's important to remember that talking about suicide doesn't create a suicidal person but not talking about it won't stop someone who is.
Let's all work to create a society where suicide is no longer an epidemic. Remember that most suicides can be prevented with early and frequent intervention by friends, family, colleagues, or acquaintances.
Kirk J. Woodring, LICSW is the Chief Clinical Officer at the Brattleboro Retreat and co-author of the book "Assessing the Risk: Suicidal Behavior in the Hospital Environment of Care."
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